Master thesis (30 CP)
Background and Relevance:
The waste production worldwide is expected to double in the next 30 years. Waste-to-Energy facilities are a sustainable solution to the waste-management problem, with the advantage of the associated heat and power generation. If combined with efficient CO2-Capture technologies, there is a high potential for Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) through the capture of biogenic emissions. The problem is that the state-of-the-art post-combustion processes require high-energy inputs (>3.5 GJ/tCO2). However, novel capture processes like Carbonate Looping (CaL) have the potential to achieve negative CO2 emissions (CDR) with low overall efficiency and cost penalties. Still, the required infrastructure, efficiency losses, and little utilization or storage possibilities for CO2 inhibit technology adoption and diffusion.
The objective of this thesis is to investigate the challenges and barriers to the adoption and diffusion of different CO2-Capture technologies in Waste-to-Energy and other facilities. Therefore, the Carbonate Looping implementation at the “Müllheizkraftwerk Darmstadt” serves as a motivating example. The thesis should outline the opportunities and potential of the technology, but also assess the required changes in the technology, policy, and incumbent mindsets to find further market diffusion. To achieve this, a combination of technical and literature analysis and qualitative interviews is helpful.
Technology and Knowledge
- What is the status quo of Waste-to-Energy and Carbon Capture systems? Which projects exist that combine the two technologies?
- Which technological barriers and complexities inhibit the implementation of Carbon Capture technologies?
- Which knowledge gaps and technologies lack for a further implementation?
Market and Regulation
- What are the legal and market barriers and risks to the implementation of Carbon Capture technologies, especially Carbonate Looping?
- What are the key aspects that decide the economic viability of Waste-to-Energy projects with Carbon Capture?
- Which markets exist and how should they be addressed?
- Which innovative business models can increase market adoption and diffusion?
Are you interested in this thesis? Please send your CV and performance record with a short motivation letter to: . Christian Tschiedel
Technologie- und Innovationsmanagement